Dating back to the 8th century, the technique of applying enamel to metal with heat has been explored and refined. It is a very lengthy and labor intensive procedure. Starting with a raw metal cut to the desired shape, the metal is prepared to accept the enamel. After multiple kiln firings, the predetermined design is applied. From inception to finished jewelry piece, the entire process may take many hours to complete, depending on the intricacy of the design and the desired affect. Each piece is unique and signed by the artist.